Current business situation:
Compared to our last survey, the respondents were more cautious this time, although the responses remained largely positive: The majority of businesses assessed their current situation as ‘good’ or ‘neutral’. The number of businesses describing their situation as ‘neutral’ rose from 19% to 28% while responses stating a ‘good’ or ‘excellent’ business situation came down to 56% from 64% last time.
Mixed responses to business outlook:
51% of respondents had a ‘good’ or ‘excellent’ outlook on the business outlook for their enterprise. While still overall positive, this is a significant fall from the 72% that answered similarly in the last survey. Companies with a ‘neutral’ business outlook marked the largest increase with 33% up from 20%. Negative business outlook doubled from 8 to 16% of companies in the survey.
Investment plans solid, but more moderate:
When asked about their investment plans for 2011, respondents remained largely optimistic with 51% wanting to increase their investment and 26% planning to keep the same level. However, compared to the last quarter, the companies wanting to ‘significantly increase’ their investments sunk from 32% to 18%, while plans to increase investment by ‘a little bit’ rose to 41% up from 35% in the last quarter.
Significant salary increases expected:
Salaries for skilled labor are expected to increase significantly: 59% indicated they expect salaries to rise by more than 10% this year (up from 54% last time). For unskilled labor salaries, an increase of more than 10% was expected by 45% of respondents (up from 36% last time). For the vast majority of companies, industrial action by employees presents no concern, but 19%
indicated that they were expecting difficulties in their sector (up from 11% last quarter).
Varied growth forecasts for country but increase in optimism about own sector:
When asked about the growth of Vietnam’s economy, the answers were mixed: 53% of respondents expected growth to be 6% or lower (up from 26% last time). Outlook for the growth of their own business sector remains positive, with 47% of respondents expecting 8% or more growth. This presents a slight decrease from the last survey, but is still positive.
High inflation is a major concern for businesses:
With 72 %, the majority of our businesses is expecting very high inflation of more than 10%. This figure has risen significantly from only 47% last quarter. As for the VND/USD exchange rate, 52% expect the VND to depreciate by 6-8% or remain unchanged by mid-2011, while 57% expect the currency to depreciate 8% or more against the USD by the end of the year. This represents a continuing lack of confidence in the Vietnamese currency by European Businesses.
Power cuts have impacted on businesses:
74% of respondents have been impacted by recent power cuts, although the majority of respondents noted the impact as ‘minor’.
EuroCham members would welcome a Vietnam - EU Free Trade Agreement (FTA):
60% of European businesses surveyed stated that they would see a positive impact to their business arising from a Vietnam – EU FTA. EuroCham Chairman Alain Cany commented on the survey: “The fall of the EuroCham Business Climate Index from 79 to 70 appears to be largely due to increasing concerns about inflation and the weakness of the VND. But the EuroCham BCI still reflects the good overall confidence of our membership in Vietnam’s business prospects."
EuroCham Executive Director Matthias Dühn added that “In particular, our members are increasingly concerned about the volatile macroeconomic environment in Vietnam. EuroCham therefore believes the key challenges for Vietnam’s leadership in 2011 will be maintaining investor’s confidence in macro-economic stability, in particular by balancing carefully growth and inflation, and emphasize growth in the added-value industries.”